Time: 5, 10, 20, 25 to the hour

Introduced in the Year 3 curriculum as: "Estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight"

To work out how many minutes to, look at how many spaces the long hand has to go to the top. Then, times by 5.

'10 to 8' can be written 7.50, too, because it is the same as 50 past 7.


Example 1:

This clock says 5 to 9 (or 8.55).

The long hand is 1 space from the

top (and 1 times 5 is 5). The

short hand is past the 8, but

hasn't quite got to 9.


Example 2:

This clock says 20 to 9 (or 9.40).

The long hand is 4 spaces from

the top (and 4 times 5 is 20).

The short hand is past the 9, but

getting closer to 10.


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