Transformations: describing translations (with coordinate grid)

Introduced in the Year 6 curriculum as: "Draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes."

A translation is a type of transformation which simply moves the shape. It maps one shape onto another.

We can describe how a shape has been translated by saying how far right/left and how far up/down it has been moved.


Example 1:

Shape A is mapped onto shape

B by a translation of 2 to the

left and 4 down

Hint: pick a point on the original shape

and see where it is on the new one


Example 2:

The grid below shows a turquoise rectangle, a green triangle

and a yellow triangle

Translate the turquoise rectangle by 2 units left and 4 units down.

The red rectangle is the translated version of the turquoise rectangle.


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